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Testing for No Records in DB

To determine whether any records were returned from a query that you just executed.

Use the DataRowCollection.Count property, the DataReader.HasRows property, or the DataReader.Read( ) method.

The sample code creates and fills a DataTable and uses the Count property of the DataRowCollection to determine if the query used to create the table returned any rows. Next, a DataReader is created and both the HasRows property and the Read( ) method are used to determine whether the query used to create the DataReader returned any rows.

The C# code is shown here.

Example: File: NoRecordTestForm.cs

// Namespaces, variables, and constants
using System;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Text;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

// Table name constants
private const String ORDERS_TABLE = "Orders";

// . . .

StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder( );

// Fill the Orders DataTable.
SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter("SELECT * FROM Orders",
DataTable orderTable = new DataTable(ORDERS_TABLE);

// Test Orders DataTable for records.
bool tableHasRecords = orderTable.Rows.Count > 0;
result.Append("DataTable " + ORDERS_TABLE + ": Has records = " +
tableHasRecords + Environment.NewLine);

// Create the Orders DataReader.
SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(
SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand("SELECT * FROM ORDERS", conn);
conn.Open( );
SqlDataReader orderReader = cmd.ExecuteReader( );

// Test Orders DataReader for records.
result.Append("DataReader " + ORDERS_TABLE + ": Has records = " +
orderReader.HasRows + Environment.NewLine);

// Test Orders DataReader for records.
bool readerHasRecords = orderReader.Read( );
result.Append("DataReader " + ORDERS_TABLE + ": Has records = " +
readerHasRecords + Environment.NewLine);

orderReader.Close( );
conn.Close( );

resultTextBox.Text = result.ToString( );

The DataTable contains a DataRowCollection object that contains all DataRow objects in the table. The DataRowCollection has a Count property that returns the number of rows in the table. The Count property for an empty table has a value of 0.

The HasRows property of the DataReader returns a Boolean value indicating whether the DataReader has any records.

Another way is to use the Read( ) method to advance the DataReader to the next record. This returns a value of true if a record is available and false otherwise. The first call to the Read( ) method will indicate whether any records were returned by the DataReader. This was the only way to determine whether the DataReader contained any records prior to the introduction of the HasRows property in .NET Framework 1.1.